The cat is a medium-sized species found in South Asia. They are twice the size of normal cats and smaller than tigers and leopards. They vary in size from 57 to 78 cm and weigh from 5 to 16 kg.
They can also dive underwater and fish. They feed on underwater oysters, frogs, and even snakes. They also hunt and eat small deer that live on land. Murthy Kantimahanti, who is studying the cat in Andhra Pradesh, told the BBC that the name “cat” is misleading. This cat is capable of hunting in a variety of ways and also feeds on creatures larger than its own body.
By the threat of extinction
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) says that swamps and mangroves, the habitats of fishing cats, have become extinct due to human intervention. The destruction of swamps and mangroves and the uncontrolled fishing of the locals are the main reasons for the threat of extinction. Fishing cats, the animal of the state of West Bengal, have been included in the list of endangered species since 2006.
There are reportedly fewer than 10,000 cats worldwide. According to the Wildlife Conservation Act, hunting and killing fishing cats is punishable by up to three years in prison and a fine of up to 25,000 rupees.
The importance of discovery
Dudo is a creature found on the island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean. They became extinct in 1662 due to poaching. After the disappearance of the doubt, the Tambalacoqu tree in Mauritius also began to disappear. Only 13 Thambalacoqu trees, which are now over 300 years old, are present in Mauritius.
The problem is that the seeds of the Tambalakoqu tree only germinate when they enter the stomach of the dodo and leave. In other words, Dudo and Thambalaco coexisted in nature. In this way, every living being plays a vital role in the rhythm of nature.
Endangered Sumatran elephants on the Indonesian island of Sumatra eat a wide variety of plants. These plants grow in all areas where these elephants graze. This will help the forest to grow. This forest is good for other animals besides elephants. What will happen if these elephants disappear?
In 2019, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) warned that declining bee numbers could negatively affect global food security. The FAO made it clear on United Nations World Bee Day. About 75% of the world’s food crops are pollinated by insects and other organisms. Decreasing the number of pollinating organisms will affect performance. The FAO says that the decrease in the number of bees could negatively affect the cultivation of apples in Europe.
The extinction of an organism in nature can affect other organisms. The FAO warns that the loss of food security could affect humans.
Now, an increase in the number of fishing cats indicates that the problem of extinction is beginning to be addressed. Efforts to conserve wetlands and mangroves can be considered successful.
Cat and fish
Fishing cats and house cats belong to the Marjara family, but house cats do not like water. But I like fish. The cats may have started eating fish that didn’t like getting into the water, according to an article in New Scientist magazine. They did not have the opportunity to fish or eat.
Some legends say that cats were domesticated by ancient Egyptians who loved to domesticate cats. According to a New Scientist article, cats love to eat fresh food at least once. They also have a tendency to steal food from other animals and humans. They are able to get everything they need without getting their feet wet.
(Compiled by Aneeb PA)