From Hamid to Haider, these 5 must-see movies to understand the ‘Kashmir issue’

Before falling victim to terrorism, Kashmir was called heaven on earth. The captivating natural environment here still captivates everyone’s mind. This is the reason why Bollywood has loved Kashmir so much. In many movies, the hero-heroine can be seen having an affair in the valleys of Kashmir. In the 60s many films of this type have been made, in which the romantic tone has been dominant. Among them, movies like ‘Kashmir Ki Kali’, ‘Jab Jab Phool Khile’ and ‘Noori’ have shown the romantic, calm and natural image of Kashmir. Green hills, meadows, rivers and nature used to be the life of the movie. But with the passage of time, when Kashmir changed, its history in the movies also changed. Terrorism and related activities took the place of romance. That is why, from the 1990s, the image of Kashmir in the cinema has also changed. Then movies such as ‘Roza’, ‘Mission Kashmir’, Fiza and ‘Fanaa’ were released, in which terrorism was shown. Through them it was shown how terrorism has made inroads into Kashmir.

Similarly, a movie ‘The Kashmir Files’ based on a major Kashmiri sensitive issue ‘Exodus of Pandits’ has been released in theaters. In this, veteran actors like Anupam Kher, Mithun Chakraborty, Darshan Kumar and Atul Srivastava have important roles. The movie is based on the historical incident of the exodus of Kashmiri Pandits in the 90’s. It is said that they were massacred there to get the Pandits out of Kashmir. If the figures are to be believed, in the year 1990 there were 75,343 Kashmiri pandit families in the valley. But between 1990 and 1992, more than 70,000 families left the valley for fear of terrorists. Between 1990 and 2011, terrorists killed 399 Kashmiri pundits. In the last 30 years, there are barely 800 Hindu families left in the Valley. The moving story of Kashmiri Pandits is presented through this film.

Let’s take a look at the films in which the subject of Kashmir has been presented with great understanding and sensitivity…

1. red

Release Date: August 15, 1992

Starcast- Arvind Swamy and Madhu

Director- Mani Ratnam

Where to watch – Amazon Prime Video

In the 1990s, terrorism was spreading rapidly in Kashmir. Pakistani-sponsored terrorists were also rapidly making inroads into Kashmir. Because of this, bloodshed was common in the valley, from there the Hindus were being attacked and expelled. At the same time, Kashmiri Pandits attacked their target and were brutally slaughtered. Their houses were burned. The valley was bled. The land of Kashmir, once called the heaven of the earth due to its natural wealth, began to burn with smoke. At the same time, veteran filmmaker Mani Ratnam had woven the story for the movie ‘Red’. In it, a simple girl from Tamil Nadu comes to Kashmir in search of her husband. Her husband is an undercover agent, who is kidnapped by terrorists. The film shows the story of how a wife rescues her husband, who appears to be a lover of hers, from the clutches of terrorists.

2. Mission Kashmir

Release date: October 27, 2000

Starcast: Sanjay Dutt, Hrithik Roshan, Preity Zinta, Sonali Kulkarni, and Jackie Shroff

Director- Vidhu Vinod Chopra

Where to watch: Amazon Prime Video and Netflix

The issue of rising terrorism in Kashmir has been brought up in the film directed by Vidhu Vinod Chopra. It stars actors like Sanjay Dutt, Hrithik Roshan, Preity Zinta, Sonali Kulkarni, and Jackie Shroff in major roles. In the film, where Sanjay Dutt becomes a police officer, Hrithik Roshan is seen in the role of a young Kashmiri man. The film tells the story of an orphaned boy, whose parents die in a police action. A police officer makes him his son, but when he learns that his father’s killer is none other than a police officer, he runs away from home and joins the terrorists. In this way, staying in his shelter becomes a dangerous terrorist. Every effort is made for him to return home, but he continues to carry out terrorist activities in Kashmir. The film shines a light on young Kashmiri who leave their homes disguised as terrorists and become terrorists. Terrorist activities in Kashmir against India.


Release date: October 2, 2014

Starcast: Shahid Kapoor, Shraddha Kapoor, Kay Kay Menon and Irrfan Khan

Director- Vishal Bhardwaj

Where can I watch – Netflix and Zee5

The film Haider, written, produced and directed by Vishal Bhardwaj, stars Shahid Kapoor and Tabu in the lead roles. This film also tells of the situation in Kashmir on fire in the 1990s, when terrorism and extremism were at their peak. The film is said to be the official adaptation of William Shakespeare’s ‘Hamlet’. It is also inspired by Basharat Pir’s memoir ‘Curfued Night’. In it, a young Kashmiri student, after the disappearance of his father, wanders here and there in search of him and gets caught up in the politics of the state. The film also seriously highlights the political situation in Kashmir of that period. Along with this, Kashmir affected by terrorist incidents and army activities has shown great sensitivity. Haider is Vishal Bhardwaj’s third film based on the novels by William Shakespeare, before he released Maqbool in 2003 and Omkara in 2006. This film was loved by the whole country. Not only this, it received five awards at the 62nd National Film Awards, in which the award for Best Musical Direction and Best Screenplay (Dialogue) went to Vishal Bhardwaj. Strong performances from Shahid and Tabu were also highly appreciated in this.


Release date: March 15, 2019

Starcast- Rasika Dugali, Vikas Kumar and Talha Arshad Reshi

Director- Aijaz Khan

where can i watch – netflix

Month. Rasika Duggali, Vikas Kumar and Talha Arshad Reshi have leading roles in the film ‘Hamid’, based on Amin Bhatt’s play ‘Phone No 786’. The story of this film revolves around a seven-year-old Kashmiri boy whose father suddenly disappears one day. His friends say that he has become loved by Allah, but he wants to talk to them. One day he comes across one of his numbers, which contains 786. He believes it is Allah’s number, so he calls it. That’s where the voice of a CRPF Jawan comes from. He narrates all his problems to her. In this way, things begin to happen between the two of them every day. In this way, through the conversation between a Kashmiri boy and a Jawan, the problems that exist have been shown. He received two National Film Awards. First Best Urdu Feature Film and Second Best Children’s Artist.

5. Shikara

Release date – February 7, 2020

Starcast – Adil Khan and Saadia Khatib

Director- Vidhu Vinod Chopra

Where to watch – Amazon Prime Video

Vidhu Vinod Chopra has produced and directed the romantic drama film ‘Shikara’ released during Corona. The film is based on the love story of a Kashmiri Pandit couple at the height of militancy in Jammu and Kashmir during the 1990s. It also depicts the exodus of Kashmiri Pandits from the Kashmir Valley. This movie is based on two parts. In this way, the situation of present-day Kashmir was shown, on the other hand, the valley of the 90s from where the Kashmiri pundits were mercilessly expelled at gunpoint has been excavated. There was a great migration at that time. People were massacred. Vidhu Vinod Chopra has presented this horror with great sensitivity.

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