India has decided to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions by 46-48 percent by 2030, 2005, generating 450 gigawatts of energy through unconventional energy sources, including solar power, and 65 percent of the world’s energy. country without the use of fossil fuels. fuels. These issues will be discussed at the UN Climate Change Conference.
The United Nations has asked India to submit the revised plan by October 12. But India violated the deadline. A senior official, who did not want to be named, told the Economic Times that the prime minister would present the revised plan at the conference. India will adopt the same approach taken at the 2015 conference.
In 2015, India announced that the share of fossil fuels in energy production would be reduced by 40% compared to 2005 and greenhouse gas emissions by 33-35%. India had assured the world community that it would implement projects such as afforestation to remove 250-300 crore tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
The government is debating whether to include domestic subgoals in the conference in addition to the country’s overall goal. The measures to be taken in the areas of energy generation and transportation will be sub-objective. The government has decided to make Indian Railways carbon-free by 2030. It has been decided that 30 percent of the vehicles sold in the country should be electric vehicles.
The National Green Hydrogen Project, announced by the Prime Minister on Independence Day, will be used by 20-25 percent of the country’s industries by 2030 and will be launched in the refinery, fertilizer and steel sectors. The sub-plan mentions a 20-hectare afforestation project in 200 cities across the country.
But the Environment Ministry is opposed to presenting this subproject to the global community. The ministry is of the opinion that the country’s internal affairs should not be reported. RR Reshmi, who previously represented India in global forums, said it was enough to state the country’s position on greenhouse gas emissions.
India and greenhouse gases
Approximately 38.5 percent of the country’s power generation comes from unconventional sources. K Singh had revealed in July. By 2023, it will cross 40 percent. Without large hydroelectric projects, power generation would have exceeded 100 gigawatts. Plans are underway to generate 50 gigawatts of electricity. The minister had said 27 GW projects were in the tender stage.
Vaibhav Chaturvedi of the Delhi-based Energy Council says the most important thing is to reform the industrial and power generation sectors, which generate 75 percent of greenhouse gases. The capacity to generate energy from unconventional sources must be increased. The industrial sector should be electrified. Reforms in energy generation and use are needed. He also called for reforms in domestic consumption subsidies.
What is the Paris Agreement?
The Paris Agreement is an international agreement signed by the nations of the world to address climate change. At the 2015 talks in Paris, France, 196 countries signed the treaty. The agreement came into effect in November 2016. The goal is to keep temperatures no more than two degrees above pre-industrial global warming. The maximum temperature is up to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The Convention declares the elimination of greenhouse gas emissions by the middle of this century. The agreement stipulates that developing countries must provide financial and technical assistance to developing countries that are moving away from non-fossil fuels.
Source: UNFCC, ET | Compiled by Aneeb PA