According to the Indian Express, sculptures were erected on the side walls of the narrow road where General Dyer was traveling with the Gorkha army to slaughter the Indians. The entrance to Jallianwala Bagh was also changed. A lotus pond was also installed near the main building.
According to Gurmeet Rai Sanga, director of the Cultural Resources Conservation Initiative, there is a trend to turn historic sites into theme parks, reports Indian Express. The last five to seven years have seen this trend. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre marked the end of British rule in India. He added that instead of placing statues and creating a theme park, a system should be established to record and interpret history.
The army also killed many people who jumped into the well to escape British gunfire. Kim A. Wagner, a British historian and professor of global and imperial history, tweeted that a glass shield had been placed on top of the well, known as the Well of the Martyrs.
“The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Memorial has been renovated and destroyed. Even the last vestiges of history are gone,” Wagner tweeted. Wagner also claimed it was part of a plan to disinfect old Amritsar. Disneyification is the process. to transform an area or community into Walt Disney Company theme parks.
Congress leader Rahul Gandhi has said that the renovation of the Jallianwala Bagh monument amounts to insulting the martyrs. “Only those who do not understand the meaning of martyrdom can insult the martyrs of Jallianwala Bagh in this way. I am the son of a martyr. Insulting martyrs is never acceptable,” Rahul Gandhi tweeted in Hindi. He said in another tweet that those who do not they fought for freedom could not understand what they did.
Wagner’s tweet was retweeted by British MP Preet Gill of Indian descent. History is erased! Why is this -? The deputy tweeted that. After Wagner’s tweet, several people raised the issue.
Siddharth Singh tweeted that it was heartbreaking that the entrance to Jallianwala Bagh was destroyed in the name of renovation. The tweet from Joy’s account alleged that those who allege that Indian history is not taught properly are destroying recent modern history. Ashwin Mushran’s Twitter account tweeted that history is being erased in the name of innovation and that the Indian government should learn from Europeans.
Other changes to the monument
A special place was set up to pay tribute to the martyrs. Galleries were also installed in Jallianwala Bagh to highlight the importance of the events that took place on that day. The gallery is about the history of Punjab, the history of the Indian freedom struggle and the Ghadar movement. There are also sculptures of the Sikh spiritual guru Guru Nanak, the Sikh warrior Banda Singh Bahadur, and Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
The prime minister said
At the unveiling ceremony, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the monument would inspire people to learn about the history of India and its journey towards independence.
“Jallianwala Bagh is a place where revolutionaries like Sardar Uddham Singh and Bhagat Singh had the courage to sacrifice their lives for the freedom of the country. The monument will inspire people to learn more about India’s journey to independence and the sacrifices of freedom fighters, ”he said.
What happened that day in Jallianwala Bagh?
Following widespread protests against the Rowlatt Act, the British declared martial law on April 11, 1919 in Lahore and Amritsar. The army, led by Dyer, marched into Amritsar with the propaganda that no more than four people should gather in public places. Congressional leaders who opposed the Rowlatt Act, Drs. A public meeting was held in Jallianwala Bagh on April 13 at 4 pm to protest against the arrest of Satyapal and Dr. Saifuddin Kichhalu.
Upon learning of the public meeting, Dyer set off with 50 armed soldiers. Dyer reportedly ordered the army to fire without warning to leave. Soldiers fired 1,650 rounds. According to British figures, 376 people died. Thousands of people were injured. According to Indian figures, about a thousand people died. The story goes that a nine-year-old boy was killed. Shortly after the incident, Mohandas Karam Chand Gandhi declared a non-cooperation movement.
Uddham Singh and General Dyer
Uddham Singh, 21, miraculously escaped the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. However, on March 13, 1940, General Dyer was shot dead by Uddham Singh at Caxton Hall, London. After the trial, Uddham Singh was hanged by the British government on July 31, 1940.
Jallianwala Bagh Monument
As early as 1919, Congress demanded the construction of a monument in Jallianwala Bagh. The demand was made by Sasti Charan Mukherjee at a congressional meeting in Amritsar. Mukherjee is a survivor of the massacre. Madan Mohan Malviya was elected president and Sasti Charan Mukherjee was elected secretary of the trust. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi then asked people to donate money for the monument. The trust raised Rs 5.6 lakh in one year. The trust has acquired 6.5 acres of land from owner Himmat Singh. The caretaker position is for the Mukherjee family. Sukumar Mukherjee, the current caretaker, resigned from the bank in 1988.
After the independence of India, on May 1, 1951, the Central Government formed the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Trust. On April 13, 1961, President Dr. Rajendra Prasad Memorial was inaugurated. Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru was also present on the occasion. Although many repairs have been made to the monument since then, no structural changes have been made.
The Uttar Pradesh government granted a statewide night curfew on Monday and Tuesday in observance of Ashtami Rohini. The order was issued by the Additional Chief Secretary of state Avanish Awasthi on Sunday evening. However, the order said that the celebrations must take place in accordance with Kovid protocols and that people must wear masks and hand sanitizers.
So far, a total of 1,709,248 Kovid cases have been reported in Uttar Pradesh. In addition, 22,818 deaths and 1,686,165 people were cured. Another 14 new cases were reported Sunday. In addition, two patients died and 37 recovered. The current number of Kovid cases in the state is 265 ‘. – Hindustan Times reported.
Meanwhile, the Uttar Pradesh government has eased restrictions in several districts of the state in the wake of the decline in Kovid cases. Earlier this month, the chief minister, Yogi Adityanath, had said that people would be allowed to go out normally on Saturdays from 6 am to 10 pm and that the restrictions would remain in effect on Sundays.
As on August 11, the number of cases in Aligarh, Amethi, Chitrakoot, Ita, Firozabad, Gonda, Hathras, Kasganj, Pilibhit, Pratapgarh, Shamli and Sonbhadra was very low and the number of cases increased to 98.6% .
In addition, the state government has given permission to open institutions of upper secondary, technical and vocational education after Independence Day.
(Compiled by Aneeb PA)