karachi attack of the indian navy: 1971: day of the ‘capture’ of the city of karachi by the indian navy – 1971 indian war pakistan karachi indian navy ts khurana

December 1971 was a time that indigenous people can always be proud of. That is, the time of the Karachi war. The Pakistani army fell to the Indian Navy.

When it comes to the crucial Indo-Pakistani war in the history of liberation of Bangladesh, there are certain faces that must be on the minds of all Indians. TS Khurana, a native of Chandigarh, is one of those people. Now 87, he is part of the most valiant attack by the Indian Navy.

He was serving as Deputy Director for Arms Policy and Strategy at the Indian Navy Headquarters in Delhi, and was appointed Western Fleet Navigation Officer a few months before the Karachi War. His role during the war as a navigator was immense. During the enemy attack, the safe direction of the ships was controlled by the Koran, trained in oceanography at the University of Greenwich, London.

After joining the new position, his life was at sea for a long time. During this period he developed and practiced all aspects of naval warfare. Admiral SM Nanda, the then Chief of the Naval General Staff, had the idea of ​​winning the war. – Commodore Khurana once said.

Khurana said the Soviet Union also played an important role in equipping the Indian Navy before the historic Karachi War. India had acquired 8 Oza-class missile ships from the Soviet Union. He said that each of the 70-ton ships carried four lethal missiles with a speed of 40 knots. However, Khurana said the ships had some limitations and were used by Russia for coastal protection due to their limited range.

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At the same time, the Indian army decided to move to Karachi, the main base of the Pakistani Navy, as the enemy’s provocation intensified. For this, 8 Russian Oza ships were tied to a warship and brought to Karachi. Thus ‘Operation Trident’ and ‘Operation Python’ were born. The first was carried out from the southwest of the port of Karachi and the second from the northwest, surprising the enemy.

The Quran also recalled that the INS sailed through Mysore.

‘In those days, we didn’t have GPS or any other electronic navigation aid. The work depended on the stars and planets. But the weather was bad and there were many difficulties. I was at Flag Bridge from December 2nd until the time we got back. Later, due to engine problems at INS Mysore, we returned to Mumbai port on December 14 (two days before the end of the war). – The Times of India reported citing Commodore Khurana.

He added that after approval by senior officials, it was ensured that both projects were kept secret from enemies. At 10 pm on December 2, all the ships were ready for battle. Furthermore, Indian troops were deployed underwater off the west coast of Karachi, bypassing Pakistani submarines.

‘Commander BB The INS ships Nipat, Nirghat and Veer Oza led by Yadav participated in the Trident. At 11pm that night, INS Nirghat targeted the Pakistani Navy destroyer PNS Khyber. Later, the Indian Army identified the location of the Venus Challenger, a cargo ship carrying weapons and ammunition for the Pakistani Army. The Oz ships strike group, later stationed 210 miles from Karachi, began firing missiles at the Pakistani army. The Pakistani warship PNS Khyber sank, killing 220 officers and sailors. The Indian Army also defeated the Venus Challenger. – TS Khurana clarified.

After ensuring that all the ships were wrecked, the Indian Army also targeted the fuel storage facilities established by Pakistan off the coast of Karachi. Soviet ships also sent missiles to these fuel tanks. He explained that this caused a large explosion in the port of Karachi. He said the missile boats that later attacked the Pakistani army reached Okha and the ships quickly fell out of range of the Pakistani air force.

The official noted that the next attack was planned two nights later. Meanwhile, Operation Python was delayed because the SS Madhumati freighter, carrying Pakistani warships, was intercepted and the weather worsened. He added that the ship SS Madhumati, captured by the Indian Navy, was taken to Bombay. Subsequently, on December 8 and 9, INS Vineesh was escorted by Operation Python, accompanied by INS Trishul, Talwar and INS Vineesh. Despite serious engine failures, it was quickly repaired and quickly approached the Karachi coast. TS Khurana said the missiles were fired again, targeting the oil fields and causing a major fire.

This move by the Indian Navy surprised the Pakistani Navy. In addition, it led the country to declare a complete blockade of the port of Karachi. They also warned that any ship violating the embargo would pose its own danger. At that time “we were the owners of the Arabian Sea.” After the completion of both operations, the proud Indian warship INS Mysore encountered some problems. Then the ship had to return to Bombay. – Says Commodore Quran.

His daughter, a dermatologist, said that the reception of the war heroes was truly magnificent and that Commodore Khurana received the Nau Sena medal. Malika Sachdev said.

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Compiled by Bhadra chandran

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