Union Interior Minister and BJP leader Amit Shah tweeted that Kalyan Singh was a man who lived for the country, the religion and the people. This tweet highlights the importance of Kalyan Singh in the BJP.
VP Singh, the then Prime Minister, decided to implement the Mandal Commission report in the 1980s, when the Ram Janmabhoomi movement was gaining traction under the leadership of the BJP and other Sangh Parivar organizations. The recommendation of the Mandal Commission report for the reservation in government jobs and education for CBOs has reversed the course of national policy. This led to the strengthening of the backward sections led by the Samajwadi Party and the Bahujan Samajwadi Party in Uttar Pradesh. Politics became more complicated when BJP leader LK Advani led a rath yatra for the construction of the Ram temple.
But the election results in Uttar Pradesh showed another trend. The BJP, which had won only 57 seats in the 1989 elections, came to power in 1991 with 221 out of a total of 425 seats. Kalyan Singh became the Chief Minister. Kalyan Singh, who hails from the OBC faction, has challenged the ‘mandal’ politics of constituency politics. The mandala is a special container used by Hindu saints.
The emperor of the Hindu heart
Before Narendra Modi emerged in national politics, Kalyan Singh was viewed by activists and supporters of the BJP as the emperor of the Hindu heart (Emperor of the Hindus). The Ram Janma Bhoomi movement gained strength during Kalyan Singh’s tenure as Chief Minister of the Uttar Pradesh BJP unit. The Kalyan Singh government had submitted an affidavit in the Supreme Court that there would be no adverse incidents even as the Karsevaks were constantly attacking Babri Masjid.
But the police were also ordered not to open fire on the Karsevaks. On December 6, 1992, the Karsevaks demolished Babri Masjid. Kalyan Singh resigned the same day claiming responsibility for the incident. In 1994, the Supreme Court sentenced Kalyan Singh to one day in jail for failing to comply with his affidavit. But the BJP and the monks say that Kalyan Singh played an important role in the construction of the Ram temple. In his message of condolence, Mahant Nritya Gopal Das, president of Sri Ramajanmabhoomi Temple Trust, said that the construction of the Ram Temple in Ayodhya was made possible by Kalyan Singh. In a statement, the trust’s general secretary, Chambath Rai, said that Kalyan Singh had assumed full responsibility for the December 6, 1992 incident in Ayodhya.
Kalyan Singh was born in 1932 in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. He joined the RSS while he was still in school. Jana Sangh leader Nanaji Deshmukh is leading Kalyan Singh into electoral politics. In 1967, Jana Sangh became an MLA on a ticket. In 1980, he became secretary general of the BJP. In 1984, he became president of the state. The BJP, which had only 11 seats in 1980, won 57 seats in 1989. After the 1989 elections, the BJP became the leader of the assembly party. This helped Kalyan Singh to become a decisive force in state politics.
The Mandal Commission report and LK Advani’s rath yatra have shaken Uttar Pradesh during this period. The Uttar Pradesh police, led by Mulayam Singh Yadav, who shot at Karsevaks has sparked pro-BJP sentiment. This helped the BJP come to power in 1991 with 221 seats. Kalyan Singh was the chief minister.
After the demolition of the Babri Masjid, the BJP came to power, but in the 1993 elections, the BJP became the largest single party. But the Samajwadi Party-Bahujan Samajwadi Party alliance ruled Uttar Pradesh. Later, when the alliance split, the BSP came to power with the support of the BJP. In subsequent elections, the BJP-BSP alliance ruled Uttar Pradesh. Kalyan Singh became the Chief Minister again in 1997 as part of a power-sharing policy. The governor removed the government in 1998 for lack of support.
Kalyan Singh left the BJP in 1999 due to differences with leaders such as Atal Bihari Vajpayee. According to a report by India Today, Kalyan Singh accused Vajpayee of being a Brahmin conspirator. But he returned to the party in 2004. He left the party again in 2009, but returned before the 2014 elections in Lok Sabha. His son Rajveer Singh also won a seat in the elections. Former BJP National Secretary General Amit Shah Kalyan Singh had given some advice on the strategies to be adopted in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. This helped the BJP win all 71 seats in Uttar Pradesh. Amit Shah’s tweet highlights Kalyan Singh’s efforts to grow the BJP in Uttar Pradesh.
The temple of Ram could not be seen
On November 9, 2019, the Supreme Court ruled that a temple could be built in the disputed area of Ayodhya. In September 2020, an IWC court acquitted the defendants, including Kalyan Singh, in the Babri Masjid demolition case. Kalyan Singh has faced all the charges made against him legally and politically. But only one wish was not fulfilled for him. In an interview with the Hindustan Times last year, Kalyan Singh said that he should die after seeing the Ram temple rise in Ayodhya. He said he wants to be reborn in the temple city.