Behind the protests in South Africa?
The provocations began with the arrest and imprisonment of former President Jacob Zuma. Zuma turned himself in to the police last Friday. He faces up to 15 months in prison in a court martial case. The court was created for his lack of cooperation in prosecuting several high-profile corruption allegations against Zuma during his nine-year tenure. Zuma supporters were the first to initiate the uprising. Little by little it spread. Especially outside the city of Johannesburg, which is influenced by the Zulu people who support Zuma.
Who is Jacob Zuma?
Jacob Zuma, who fought alongside Nelson Mandela against apartheid in South Africa, has been president for nine years since 2009. In 2018, Zuma was removed from the post of chairman of the African National Congress party following serious allegations of corruption. Instead, Cyril Ramaphosa was elected president.
Zuma is also the most influential leader of the majority Zulu tribe in South Africa. Zuma has been sentenced to 10 years in prison for his fight against apartheid. The prison was on Robben Island in the infamous Cape Town.
Zuma, vice president of South Africa, later became president. Very ordinary people in the African National Congress and the Zulu tribe still believe in the 79-year-old Zuma.
What is the charge against Zuma?
Jacob Zuma is the first South African leader to face legal action since leaving the presidency. Zuma was investigated mainly in two cases. One of them was in 1999 when Zuma was vice president. The $ 2 billion deal to buy defense weapons from the French aviation company Thales was allegedly rigged.
Zuma faces 16 different charges in the Thales deal. An important allegation is that Zuma has received more than 5 lakh rand a year since 1999. It is alleged that Zuma agreed to avoid lawsuits against the company in exchange for bribery and to provide legal protection for the investigation. Jacob Zuma and Thales Company denied the allegations.
The second accusation is a bit more serious. The case alleges that the Gupta family, who emigrated from India and became a billionaire in South Africa, were misled. The case alleges that brothers Ajay Gupta, Atul Gupta and Rajesh Gupta interfered in the appointment of ministers.
The Gupta brothers, who arrived from India in the 1990s, are among the richest men in South Africa. They have investments in uranium, gold, mining and the news channel, according to German media Deutsche Velle.
In 2007, a law was passed requiring black directors in large South African companies. Obtaining government contracts was mandatory. Dumasen Zuma, Zuma’s son, was soon appointed director of the Gupta family companies. Dudusen is currently a member of various boards of directors of secret companies. The Gupta family moved from South Africa to Dubai after a criminal investigation against Zuma was announced. The United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has announced an investigation.
Who is behind the violence in South Africa?
Media reports indicate that Zuma supporters are not the only ones behind the current crisis. The media reported that a riot was inevitable in South Africa, where corruption, poverty, nepotism and racism are rampant. Jacob Zuma is the only reason for this.
“I don’t care about Zuma. He is a corrupt man. He admits that he only looted some steel utensils, meat and groceries. That too for the mother.
Similar reactions can be seen in various media reports. This is due to severe corruption and economic and social insecurity in South Africa. Society was divided even before the age of racism. Most blacks were not allowed to buy land. Post-discrimination governments’ indifference towards the allocation of wealth and land increased discrimination among the people.
According to figures released by the government in 2017, 72 percent of the country’s agricultural land is owned by whites. They constitute only 8% of the total population. Eighty-one percent of blacks own only four percent of the land. This inequality is widening the gap between whites and blacks and leads to violence.
As land distribution became inefficient, a far-left black political leadership sought to seize private and government land. The government is allowing it to some extent. At the same time, gun violence was rampant in the white farmlands. At the same time, the Zulu nationalist movements declared their support for Zuma and clashed. In a country where poverty, hunger and cowardice are rampant, people are participating in riots, especially without ideological obligation. What is happening in South Africa now is a continuation of these political conflicts.