The World Health Organization estimates that 100 million people worldwide are infected with hepatitis A each year; Everything you need to know about hepatitis A immunization and vaccination

Hepatitis A virus1Hepatitis A is an infection of the liver. This infection can last from weeks to months and can range from mild to severe. Worldwide, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates2 More than 100 million people are infected with hepatitis A. This liver disease is common in children, but in some cases3 It can be serious. In 70 percent of reported cases in older children and adults4 The main symptom is severe jaundice.


Hepatitis A infections go away but get worse5 It can affect the body itself. In some cases, it completely destroys the liver, and in rare cases, it causes death. The disease is reported worldwide, but it is not hygienic.6 Most of the cases are from regions. That is why the infection has not been reported in children who live in better cities, but in adolescents and adults.7 And make it turn into a serious infection.

How does it spread?
Hepatitis A is transmitted through contaminated food and water containing the hepatitis A virus. The disease is transmitted primarily through feces and saliva and can be transmitted through contaminated water, milk, raw food , unsanitary food and dirty food.

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If you accidentally eat food without washing your hands well after changing an infected child’s diaper, you are at risk for hepatitis A. You can get sick even if you share food and drink in a restaurant or knock on a door. This is because sometimes part of the feces of the infected person may be present at that door.

Notice these symptoms
Not all people affected by the disease will have symptoms. Symptoms usually appear 2 to 6 weeks after infection. They are:

Fever
Vomiting
Gray stool
Fatigue
Abdominal pain
Joint pain
Anorexy
Nausea
Jaundice

Keep in mind that not all people affected by the disease will show all the symptoms. In some cases, symptoms can last up to 6 months.

Hepatitis A: can it be prevented?
Yes, hepatitis A infection can be prevented. Here are some simple ways to protect yourself:

1. Drink fresh water; Cook and eat well. Avoid raw meat and seafood and wash fruits and vegetables with clean water.

2. Remember to wash your hands with soap and water after using the bathroom and after changing your baby’s diaper before preparing and eating food.

3. Keep your home and surroundings clean.

4. Vaccination can help protect your child from hepatitis A.

What is the treatment for hepatitis A?
There is no specific treatment for hepatitis A, so it is best to take preventive measures to prevent the disease. Vaccination is a reliable way to prevent hepatitis A.

When can the hepatitis A vaccine be given?
Children one year of age and older can be vaccinated against hepatitis A. That is why global and national health authorities, WHO and the Indian Academy of Pediatrics, recommend that all eligible children be vaccinated against hepatitis A 1,7. Consult a pediatrician for more information on hepatitis A and vaccinating your child.

Reference:

  1. https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/Hepatitis A / afaq.html, accessed July 24, 2021.
  2. https://www.who.int/immunization/position_papers/PP_hep_A_july2012_summary.pdf, accessed July 24, 2021
  3. Castaneda D, González AJ, Alomari M, Tandon K, Zervos XB. From Hepatitis A to E: A Critical Review of Viral Hepatitis. World J Gastroenterol. 2021; 27 (16): 1691-1715
  4. https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/hepa.html, accessed July 24, 2021
  5. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hepatitis-a, accessed July 24, 2021
  6. https://www.iamat.org / country / india / risk / hepatitis-a, accessed July 24, 2021
  7. 124587-IAP-GUIDE-BOOK-ON-IMMUNIZATION-18-19.pdf (iapindia.org), accessed July 29, 2021
  • Disclaimer: Issued in the public interest by GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Limited. Dr. Annie Besant Road, Worli, Mumbai 400 030, India. The information in this material is for general knowledge only. Nothing in this material constitutes medical advice. Consult your physician if you have any medical questions, or any questions or concerns you may have regarding your condition. Consult your pediatrician for the complete list of vaccine-preventable diseases and the complete vaccination schedule for each disease. Report adverse events for any GSK product to the company at india.pharmacovigilance@gsk.com. This article has been produced on behalf of GSK by the Times Internet Spotlight team.

    CL code: NP-IN-HEPATITIS A-OGM-210001, DoP Jul 2021

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